Walnut, which makes up less than 1% of the commercially available hardwoods, grows throughout the eastern United States. Its sapwood is creamy white and its heartwood ranges from light to chocolate brown. This species is often steamed to darken the sapwood.


Walnut is generally straight grained with a course texture. It is a dense wood, but it machines, nails and glues without difficulty. Walnut has good bending properties and accepts finishing well.

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Walnut is popular in high end furniture and a preferred species for architectural millwork. It is also used for cabinetry, gunstocks and turnings.

Other Uses

The tree bark and husks from the nuts are used to manufacture yellow dye. Walnuts are a favorite eating nut and are harvested by shaking the tree.

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