Cottonwood grows up to 100 feet in height and is plentiful in the eastern and southern United States.  Cottonwood makes up 1% of the commercially available hardwoods in the United States. Its sapwood is white to grayish with brownish heartwood.


Cottonwood is comparatively uniform in texture and generally straight grained. When properly seasoned and conditioned, Cottonwood is stable and easy to work with. It glues easily and accepts nails and screws quite well. Though moderately soft and low in ability to resist shock, it accepts dents and impacts without splintering. A sanding sealer is recommended to reduce fuzzing and enhance the uniform acceptance of stain.

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Cottonwood is commonly used for blinds and shutters as well as boxes, crates, and packing cases. It is also used for cabinets and furniture.

Other Uses

Native Americans used the bark of the cottonwood tree as a food source, cutting the inner bark into strips and ground into meal to be mixed with other starches to make bread or mush.